Great Bear Rainforest Agreement 2006
The agreement requires a 40 percent reduction in logging compared to 2006 – or 2.5 million cubic meters (88.2 million cubic feet) per year – for the next 10 years. After that, deforestation is carried out on a « maintenance track ». Forest companies must submit annual progress reports to the public to ensure they meet the required conservation objectives. The Great Bear Rainforest Land Use Order 2016 and the Great Bear Rainforest (Forest Management) Act will preserve 85% of the forest and 70% of the old growth over time, achieving a high level of ecological integrity. Discover this incredible place and the historic agreement that will preserve this region for generations to come. But an important part of the story, which Rycroft says has received little attention so far, is the role of global clients in moving from a « war in the forest » to a collaborative process that ultimately led to a historic agreement on forest conservation and human rights. The Great Bear Rainforest provides habitat for a number of iconic species, including towering ancient trees, as well as grizzly bears, orcas, salmon, wolves, and the only white-haired black bear known as the ghost bear, after which the rainforest is named. « It`s a testament to the hard work they`ve done and the perseverance they`ve put into these agreements, » Brooks said. Since 2006, Nature Conservancy has focused on strengthening the leadership of First Nations communities and the authority of their governments in resource management decisions. To support the first Great Bear Rainforest Agreement, the Conservancy raised $39 million to create the Coastal Opportunities Fund and mobilized an additional $81 million in additional private and public funding to be made available to First Nations communities. These funds are intended to advance economic development and resource management capacity in the region. Almost all of the 27 First Nations that have been part of this agreement have an office for natural resource management or a governance system. Many new First Nation businesses have also been created thanks to the total investment of $120 million.
The agreement to protect the region was first announced 10 years ago, after a period of deep conflict between First Nations and logging companies over the former logging that made headlines around the world and led to commercial pressure to avoid products from the region. Equally important, the agreement enshrines the rights of First Nations as co-decision-makers in their traditional territories with the provincial government. A number of measures have also been agreed upon to protect areas of cultural and environmental importance to First Nations and provide a variety of economic opportunities. B such as revenue sharing and access to conservation funds. In the mid-1990s, amid the growth of industrial logging in tropical forests around the world, First Nations communities settled in B.C growing concerns about the fate of forests on their traditional territories, over which they often had no legal rights. The Great Bear Rainforest Accords were first announced in 2006, which, in addition to other conservation measures, designate 5 million hectares of protected areas on an ongoing basis and increase the decision-making authority of First Nations. « The completion of this marathon would not have been possible without the incredible leadership of rainforest First Nations leaders, » added Richard Brooks, Greenpeace`s Forest Campaign Coordinator. Eighty-five percent of one of the world`s largest remaining areas of intact temperate rainforest are now permanently closed to industrial logging. The Great Bear Rainforest stretches from the Discovery Islands in B.C. in the north to the Tongass Rainforest in Alaska. Along with Haida Gwaii, parts of which are protected by other treaties, it represents the largest areas of intact temperate rainforest on earth.
It is home to many plant and animal species, including old trees, orcas, grizzly bears and ghost bears. Nicole Rycroft, executive director of Canopy, a Vancouver-based NGO, said the deal could be a model for places like Indonesia`s Leuser ecosystem and other global conservation hotspots. The historic agreement, which secures the future of the Great Bear Rainforest, means more old-growth and second-crop forests will be protected, while ensuring economic development and employment opportunities for local First Nations. An agreement between all parties to protect the forest was announced in 2006, which led to a decade of discussions and negotiations before this agreement could be respected. In February. 1, 2016, Nature United, along with its First Nations partners, the provincial government, other conservation organizations and forestry, celebrated the conclusion of an innovative pact in the Great Bear Rainforest that ensures long-term protection and sustainable management in the heart of the Emerald Edge, the largest remaining temperate coastal rainforest on earth. This process culminated in the 2006 Great Bear Rainforest Accords, a vision for ecosystem-based management of B.C`s few temperate rainforest ecosystems. Nature United has committed with supporters to raise $2.5 million to ensure the successful implementation of the first five years of this marine agreement.
Nature United will also work hard for the future of marine management and will work with our partners to support a vision of protection and economic sustainability as ambitious as the work done so far. Under the agreement announced Monday morning by Prime Minister Christy Clark, 85 percent (3.1 million hectares) of the northern wilderness afforestation area will be fully and permanently protected from industrial logging. Environmentalists also call the deal a victory for the global climate, as B.C`s ancient coastal rainforests. are known to store large amounts of carbon, which means that increased protection will lead to an immediate reduction in carbon emissions from deforestation. It`s also great news for the wildlife that calls the Great Bear Rainforest, including pumas, salmon, wolves, and the kermode or ghost bear, the subspecies of the black bear that can sometimes have a white coat that gave the forest its name. With the deal announced today, approximately 3.1 million hectares (7.7 million acres) of the Great Bear Rainforest – more than 85% of the temperate rainforest in the remote coastal region – will be permanently closed to industrial logging. The agreement also consolidates the joint decision-making powers of First Nation governments with Government B.C in their traditional territories and establishes measures to improve the well-being of First Nation communities. An agreement announced today will protect the vast majority of Canada`s Great Bear Rainforest, one of the largest temperate rainforests in the world. These initiatives also address the cultural, social and economic objectives of First Nations and other communities to achieve a high level of human well-being. These targets were first announced in 2006.
This work will continue for many years, as described in the Land Use Ordinance and the Land Use Act. The remaining 15 percent (550,000 acres, or 1.2 million acres) of the forest will be subject to the « highest legal standards for commercial logging operations in North America, » according to a statement from environmental groups ForestEthics, Greenpeace and the Sierra Club, all of which were part of the original campaign to save the Great Bear Rainforest and helped broker the deal announced today. .